Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is caused by a build-up of plaque in between the gums and teeth. Bacteria in the plaque attack the gum line, which can cause swelling and inflammation. The good news is that periodontal disease is fairly preventable with simple methods such as regular brushing and flossing. If you ever have to deal with periodontal disease, Dental Health Centre in Windsor, Ontario can help restore your gums to health.
Common treatments for periodontal disease include dental scaling and root planing, as well as periodontal surgery. Dental scaling and planing, also referred to as a deep clean, consists of plaque and tartar being removed from above and below the gum line. The tooth roots are then addressed in the planing procedure, where the dentist smooths out the roots, which helps the gums to reattach to the teeth and discourages the growth of bacteria in the form of plaque on the teeth surface. The goal of the scaling and planing procedure is to help the gums recover from damage and heal as well as to shrink the periodontal pockets.
If scaling and planing are not sufficient, periodontal surgery, will become necessary. There are several types of surgery to address different periodontal issues, including cleaning below the periodontal pockets, removing excess gum tissue, and reshaping healthy gum tissue. Periodontal surgery can also include operating into the bone with bone grafts and soft tissue grafts.
If you’ve had periodontal surgery, it may become necessary to visit the dentist more often than the recommended two times a year. It will also be important to give more diligent care to the teeth and gums.